Self-Efficacy in Research Measure (Phillips & Russell, 1994)

**Description:**

A 33-item self-report measure of a professional psychology doctoral student’s self-efficacy with respect to doing research. Contains items assessing self-efficacy with respect to research design skills, practical research skills, quantitative and computer skills, and writing skills.

**Reference:**

Phillips, J. C., & Russell, R. K. (1994). Research
self-efficacy, the research training environment, and research
productivity among graduate students in counseling psychology. *The Counseling Psychologist, 22,* 628-641. doi: 10.1177/0011000094224008

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The following items are tasks related to research. Please indicate your degree of confidence in your ability to successfully accomplish each of the following tasks on a scale of 0 - 9 with 0 representing no confidence and 9 representing total confidence.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 9

No
Confidence
Total Confidence

1. Selecting a suitable topic for study

2. Knowing which statistics to use

3. Getting an adequate number of subjects

4. Writing a research presentation for a conference

5. Writing the method and results section for a research paper for publication

6. Manipulating data to get it onto a computer system

7. Writing a discussion section for a thesis or dissertation

8. Keeping records during a research project

9. Collecting data

10. Designing an experiment using non-traditional methods
(e.g., ethnographic, cybernetic, phenomenological approaches)

11. Designing an experiment using traditional methods (e.g., experimental, quasi-experimental designs)

12. Making time for research

13. Writing the introduction and literature review for a dissertation

14. Reviewing the literature in an area of research interest

15. Writing the introduction and discussion sections for a research paper for publication

16. Contacting researchers currently working in an area of research interest

17. Avoiding the violation of statistical assumptions

18. Writing the method and results sections of a dissertation

19. Using simple statistics (e.g., t-test, ANOVA, correlation, etc.)

20. Writing the introduction and literature review for a thesis

21. Controlling for threats to validity

22. Formulating hypotheses

23. Writing the method and results sections of a thesis

24. Utilizing resources for needed help

25. Understanding computer printouts

26. Defending a thesis or dissertation

27. Using multivariate statistics (e.g., multiple regression, factor analysis, etc.)

28. Using statistical packages (e.g., SPSS-X, SAS, etc.)

29. Selecting a sample of subjects from a given population

30. Selecting reliable and valid instruments

31. Writing statistical computer programs

32. Getting money to help pay for research

33. Operationalizing variables of interest

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**Scoring: **

Sum items within each subscale for subscale scores, or sum all 33 items for a total score.

Research Design Skills = 1, 10, 11, 21, 22, 29, 30, 33

Practical Research Skills = 3, 8, 9, 12, 16, 24, 26, 32

Quantitative and Computer Skills = 2, 6, 17, 19, 25, 27, 28, 31

Writing Skills = 4, 5, 7, 13, 14, 15, 18, 20, 23